EdgeLoc: A Robust and Real-Time Localization System Toward Heterogeneous IoT Devices

Qianwen Ye, Hongxia Bie, Kuan Ching Li, Xiaochen Fan, Liangyi Gong, Xiangjian He, Gengfa Fang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Indoor localization has become an essential demand driven by indoor location-based services (ILBSs) for mobile users. With the rising of Internet of Things (IoT), heterogeneous smartphones and wearables have become ubiquitous. However, the ILBSs for heterogeneous IoT devices confront significant challenges, such as received signal strength (RSS) variances caused by hardware heterogeneity, multipath reflections from complex environments, and localization time restricted by computation resources. This article proposes EdgeLoc, a robust and real-time indoor localization system toward heterogeneous IoT devices to solve the above challenges. In particular, the RSS fingerprinting data of Wi-Fi is employed for localization and tackling the heterogeneity of IoT devices in twofold. First, feature-level and signal-level solutions are presented to address the random RSS variances. At the feature level, this work proposes a novel capsule neural network model to efficiently extract incremental features from RSS fingerprinting data. At the signal level, a multistep dataflow is further devised to process RSS fingerprints into image-like data, which utilizes the feature matrix to reduce absolute sensing errors introduced by hardware heterogeneity. Second, an edge-IoT framework is designed to utilize the edge server to train the deep learning model and further supports real-time localization for heterogeneous IoT devices. Extensive field experiments with over 33 600 data points are conducted to validate the effectiveness of EdgeLoc with a large-scale Wi-Fi fingerprint data set. The results show that EdgeLoc outperforms the state-of-the-art SAE-CNN method in localization accuracy by up to 14.4%, with an average error of 0.68 m and an average positioning time of 2.05 ms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3865-3876
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Capsule neural network (CapsNet)
  • deep learning
  • edge computing
  • indoor localization
  • Internet of Things (IoT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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