Economic links and the wealth effects of layoff announcements along the supply chain

Yetaotao Qiu, Michel Magnan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This paper investigates the effects of layoff announcement by customers on the valuation and operating performance of their supply chain partners. Design/methodology/approach: The authors collect corporate layoff announcements from 8-K filings submitted by US publicly-traded firms from 2004 to 2017. Using event study methodology, they examine the information externality of corporate layoffs on announcing firms' suppliers. Findings: Results show that suppliers, on average, experience a negative stock price reaction around their major customers' layoff announcements. The negative price effect is exacerbated when industry rivals of layoff-announcing customers also suffer from negative intra-industry contagion effects. Additionally, supply chain spillover effects are asymmetric, with only “bad news” layoff announcements causing significant value implications for suppliers, but not “good news” announcements. Supplier firms also reduce their investments in and sales dependence on layoff-announcing customers in subsequent years. Practical implications: This study shows that layoff decisions, often aimed at improving firms' efficiency and effectiveness, create uncertainty for the suppliers' operation and cause negative value implications on firms' upstream partners. Findings should be useful to corporate decision-makers in making layoff decisions. Originality/value: This paper is one of the first to address the value implications of corporate layoffs on announcing firms' suppliers. It provides a more comprehensive picture of the economy-wide impact of achieving efficiency through employee layoffs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-67
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Corporate layoffs
  • Information externality
  • Stock market return
  • Supply chain relations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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