Dynamic alpha-gamma phase-amplitude coupling signatures during sevoflurane-induced loss and recovery of consciousness

Jun Liu, Kangli Dong, Sze Shin Low, Qishun Wei, Guozheng Wang, Fan Huang, Xing Chen, Kanhar G. Muhammad, Delin Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) plays an important role in anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. The delta-alpha PAC signature during anesthetic-induced unconsciousness is gradually becoming known; however, the frequency dependence and spatial characteristics of PAC are still unclear. Multi-channel electroencephalography (EEG) was performed during the loss and recovery phases of consciousness in patients undergoing general anesthesia using sevoflurane. First, a spectral analysis was used to investigate the power change of the different frequency bands in the EEG signals. Second, PAC comodulogram analysis was performed to confirm the frequencies of the PAC phase drivers. Finally, to investigate the spatial characteristics of PAC, a novel PAC network was constructed using within- and cross-lead PAC, and a K-means clustering algorithm was used to identify PAC network patterns. Our results show that, in addition to the delta-alpha PAC, unconsciousness induced by sevoflurane was accompanied by spatial non-uniform alpha-gamma PAC in the cortical network, and dynamic PAC patterns between the anterior and posterior brain were observed during the unconscious phase. The dynamic transition of PAC network patterns indicates that brain states under sevoflurane-induced unconsciousness emerge from the regulation of functional integration and segregation instantiated by delta-alpha and alpha-gamma PAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-28
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Anesthesia
  • Electroencephalography
  • Phase-amplitude coupling
  • Unconsciousness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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