Development of thermally responsive polynipam microcarrier for application of cell culturing—part i: A feasibility study

Pui May Chou, Poi Sim Khiew, Paul D. Brown, Binjie Hu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (polyNIPAm) microspheres were synthesized via the suspension polymerization technique. Thermal and redox initiators were compared for the polymerization, in order to study the effect of initiator type on the surface charge and particle size of polyNIPAm mi-crospheres. The successful polymerization of NIPAm was confirmed by FTIR analysis. Microspheres of diameter >50 µm were synthesized when a pair of ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N,N’,N’-tetramethylene-diamine (TEMED) redox initiators was used, whilst relatively small microspheres of ~1 µm diameter were produced using an Azobis-isobutyronitrile (AIBN) thermal initiator. Hence, suspension polymerization using a redox initiator pair was found to be more appropriate for the synthesis of polyNIPAm microspheres of a size suitable for human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell culturing. However, the zeta potential of polyNIPAm microspheres prepared using an APS/TEMED redox initiator was significantly more negative than AIBN thermal initiator prepared microspheres and acted to inhibit cell attachment. Conversely, strong cell attachment was observed in the case of polyNIPAm microspheres of diameter ~90 µm, prepared using an APS/TEMED redox initiator in the presence of a cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) cationic surfactant; demonstrating that surface charge modified polyNIPAm microspheres have great potential for use in cell culturing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2629
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Cell culturing
  • Initiator
  • Microsphere
  • PolyNIPAm
  • Suspension polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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