Development of a novel system for in-situ repair of aeroengine airfoil via pulsed laser ablation

D. Cha, O. G. Diaz, Z. Liao, D. Gilbert, D. Axinte, J. Kell, A. Norton, M. O'Key, M. R. Osborne, D. Main

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A novel system for performing in-situ micro-machining of aero-engines for repair applications is proposed in this paper. Using Pulsed Laser Ablation (PLA) as material removal technique, surface cracks caused by foreign objects colliding with airfoils are removed by performing a layer-by-layer micro-machining in the area surrounding the damaged zone. Compared to conventional repair performed by micro-grinding, our invasive PLA system demonstrates a similar level of performance, evaluated from the point of view of fatigue strength in the high cycle (>107) regime. The follow-up fractographic and metallurgical analysis, indicated that although some microstructural characteristics are different between the repair methods, the incurred surface damage is limited in magnitude to a thin surface layer (<30 μm) and the influence on fatigue life is comparable. In the last section, a novel prototype system is presented which allows performing the PLA repair in-situ by use of a miniaturized laser scanning head coupled with a flexible mechanical deployment arm. The system has been successfully tested inside a Roll-Royce Trent jet engine; effectively this proves the possibility of performing in-situ laser micro-machining inside complex mechanical systems such as aero-engines, without the need for complex/expensive disassembly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Systems
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Aeroengines
  • In-situ micro-machining
  • Miniaturized laser system
  • Pulsed laser ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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