DENet: A Universal Network for Counting Crowd with Varying Densities and Scales

Lei Liu, Jie Jiang, Wenjing Jia, Saeed Amirgholipour, Yi Wang, Michelle Zeibots, Xiangjian He

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Counting people or objects with significantly varying scales and densities has attracted much interest from the research community and yet it remains an open problem. In this paper, we propose a simple but efficient and effective network, named DENet, which is composed of two components, i.e., a detection network (DNet) and an encoder-decoder estimation network (ENet). We first run the DNet on the input image to detect and count individuals who can be segmented clearly. Then, the ENet is utilized to estimate the density maps of the remaining areas, typically with low resolution and high densities where individuals cannot be detected. For this purpose, we propose a modified Xception network as the encoder for feature extraction and a combination of dilated convolution and transposed convolution as the decoder. When evaluated on the ShanghaiTech Part A, UCF and WorldExpo'10 datasets, our DENet has achieved lower Mean Absolute Error (MAE) than those of the state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9088979
Pages (from-to)1060-1068
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Crowd counting
  • density estimation
  • detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'DENet: A Universal Network for Counting Crowd with Varying Densities and Scales'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this