Data-Driven Fine Element Tuning of Halide Double Perovskite for Enhanced Photoluminescence

Lingjun Wu, Zijian Chen, Zhongcheng Yuan, Bobin Wu, Shaohui Liu, Zixuan Wang, Jonathan P. Mailoa, Chenru Duan, Hao Huang, Chang Yu Hsieh, Xue Feng Yu, Haitao Zhao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Element tuning of targeted materials and obtaining the optimal synthesis recipe are major goals for many material scientists. However, this is often limited by conventional trial-and-error procedures, which are time-consuming and labor-intensive. In this work, fine element tuning of halide double perovskite Cs2NaxAg1-xInyBi1-yCl6 is conducted by performing a data-driven investigation combining high-throughput experiments with machine learning (ML). A positive correlation between the more accessible R value in emission RGB values (the intensities of the red/green/blue primary colors) and photoluminescence intensity is revealed, and over a thousand R values of the Cs2NaxAg1-xInyBi1-yCl6 crystals synthesized with different additives and element compositions are collected. More importantly, the volume ratios of Na+/Ag+ (VNa: VAg) and Bi3+/In3+ (VBi: VIn) with the corresponding R values are correlated through ML, and the synergistic regulation of the two ion pairs is revealed. A possible correlation between R and XRD is also proposed. Finally, different emission intensities of LED beads coated with Cs2NaxAg1-xInyBi1-yCl6 synthesized using parameters obtained from ML are demonstrated, and an emission enhancement of ≈50 times is observed between the brightest and dimmest LEDs. This work illustrates that data-driven investigation helps guide material synthesis and will significantly reduce the workload for developing novel materials, especially for complex compositions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • data-driven
  • double halide perovskites
  • high-throughput
  • photoluminescence
  • synthesis design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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