Current practice of building information modelling in the ningbo construction industry

Byung Gyoo Kang, Zhen Yan, Ruoyu Jin, Craig Matthew Hancock, Llewellyn Tang, Georgios Kapogiannis

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a revolution in the construction industry. Shanghai Disneyland, Phoenix Media Centre in Beijing, Shanghai Tower are good examples of BIM projects in China. However, BIM maturity levels for medium and large size cities need to be identified in depth. This research has investigated the level of BIM maturity in Ningbo, China. A quantitative questionnaire survey was conducted and 112 replies were received from construction engineers. The maturity of BIM in Ningbo has been identified as a transit from level one to level two, i.e. from lonely BIM to federated model. However, the engineers’ BIM competence level in Ningbo is still at the infant stage. Further, lack of BIM industry standard has been identified as the most significant risk. To overcome these problems, the industry level BIM education/training programme and BIM standards need to be developed and provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-104
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • BIM
  • Construction
  • Maturity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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