Credit scoring with macroeconomic variables using survival analysis

Tony Bellotti, Jonathan Crook

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Survival analysis can be applied to build models for time of default on debt. In this paper we report an application of survival analysis to model default on a large data set of credit card accounts. We show that survival analysis is competitive for prediction of default in comparison with logistic regression. We explore the hypothesis that probability of default is affected by general conditions in the economy over time. These macroeconomic variables cannot readily be included in logistic regression models. However, survival analysis provides a framework for their inclusion as time-varying covariates. Various macroeconomic variables, such as interest rate and unemployment index, are included in the survival model as time-varying covariates. We show that inclusion of these indicators improves model fit and affects probability of default and provides a statistically significant improvement in predictions of default on an independent test set.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event49th Annual Conference of the Operational Research Society 2007, OR49 - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sept 20076 Sept 2007


Conference49th Annual Conference of the Operational Research Society 2007, OR49
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Banking
  • Credit scoring
  • Risk
  • Survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Numerical Analysis


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