Characterizing gas and solids distributors with heat transfer study in a gas-solids downer reactor

Y. Ma, J. X. Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The heat transfer behavior between the gas-solids flow suspension and a small suspended surface near the distributor region was employed to study the characteristics of the gas and solids distributors with five different distributor designs in a gas-solids co-current downflow fluidized bed (downer) of 9.3 m high and 100 mm i.d., using FCC particles. The radial distributions of heat transfer coefficient between the small suspended surface and the gas-solids flow suspension at several axial levels in the entrance region were obtained using a miniature cylindrical heat transfer probe, with different types of distributors and at various operating conditions. It is shown that the effects of the distributor design on the gas-solids flow can be characterized using the heat transfer techniques, given the close relationship between heat transfer and solids concentration. Furthermore, the radial distributions of the heat transfer coefficient have distinct variations under different types of distributors. The heat transfer results indicate that the distributor structure can significantly affect the gas and solids flow pattern and flow development in the entrance section of the downer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-244
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Distributor
  • Downer
  • Flow development
  • Heat transfer
  • Solids concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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