CHAPTER 15: The Chemistry of Continuous Hydrothermal/Solvothermal Synthesis of Nanomaterials

Peter W. Dunne, Ed Lester, Chris Starkey, Ian Clark, Yipei Chen, Alexis S. Munn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingBook Chapterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Continuous-flow hydrothermal and solvothermal synthesis methods (CHS and CSS) have their origin in the early 1990s with the pioneering work of Prof. Adschiri exploiting the properties of supercritical water to achieve the generation of a range of binary metal oxide nanoparticles in a flow system. Since its inception, a great deal of work on CHS has focussed on overcoming the physical and engineering challenges it presents. Just as these engineering challenges were overcome, so were the new chemical obstacles raised by the technique surmounted. From its beginnings as a novel route to binary metal oxide nanocrystals, the CHS/CSS method now offers a clean and scalable synthetic process for the production of a vast array of (nano)materials, including more complex tertiary and ternary metal oxides, metal sulphides, metal phosphates, metals, layered double hydroxides, and even porous materials such as zeolites and metal organic frameworks. Here, we review the progress made in expanding the scope of the CHS method to these various classes of materials, with a focus on the chemical challenges, and opportunities, presented by continuous-flow hydrothermal and solvothermal techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCatalyst-free Organic Synthesis
EditorsAndrew J. Hunt, Thomas M. Attard
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781782624127, 9781782625186, 9781782629344
ISBN (Print)9781782627654, 9781782628552, 9781782628804, 9781782629634
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRSC Green Chemistry
ISSN (Print)1757-7039
ISSN (Electronic)1757-7047

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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