Carbon nitride (C3N3) decorated with non-noble metal Ni2P Co-catalyst based nanocomposites for photocatalytic water splitting

Muhammad Ashraf, Nisar Ullah, Fazal Raziq, Ibrahim Khan, Khalid R. Alhooshani, Saheed Adewale Ganiyu, Muhammad Nawaz Tahir

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon nitrides based 2D materials have been recently explored as visible light harvesting photocatalysts due to their unique optoelectronic properties. However, these materials require strategies to improve their photoconversion efficiencies by improving the separation of photoexcited charge carriers and minimizing their recombination. Here in this paper, we report the synthesis of 2D carbon nitride with formula C3N3 decorated with non-noble metal nickel phosphide (Ni2P) co-catalyst-based nanocomposites (Ni2P/C3N3) for the enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting. The ratio of Ni2P co-catalyst was varied from 1%, 2% and 3% in the nanocomposites. Under similar set of experimental conditions, the 2% Ni2P co-catalyst loaded photocatalyst (2% Ni2P/C3N3) showed significant enhancement in the photocurrent (43 µA/cm2) in comparison to the pristine C3N3 (23 µA/cm2) under 1 sun light irradiation. In addition, the 2% Ni2P/C3N3 photocatalyst exhibited enhanced H2 production rate (148 μmol h−1 g−1) than pure C3N3 (60 μmol h−1 g−1). In addition, the 2% Ni2P/C3N3 nanocomposites demonstrated higher photostability. The H2 production rate was almost the same after eight cycles conducted within 65 h of time. Moreover, Ni2P/C3N3 nanocomposites are low cost, naturally abundant and environmentally friendly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143296
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • 2D materials
  • Carbon nitrides (CN)
  • Hydrogen evolution
  • NiP@CN nanocomposites
  • PEC water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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