Canonical Correlation Analysis With Low-Rank Learning for Image Representation

Yuwu Lu, Wenjing Wang, Biqing Zeng, Zhihui Lai, Linlin Shen, Xuelong Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


As a multivariate data analysis tool, canonical correlation analysis (CCA) has been widely used in computer vision and pattern recognition. However, CCA uses Euclidean distance as a metric, which is sensitive to noise or outliers in the data. Furthermore, CCA demands that the two training sets must have the same number of training samples, which limits the performance of CCA-based methods. To overcome these limitations of CCA, two novel canonical correlation learning methods based on low-rank learning are proposed in this paper for image representation, named robust canonical correlation analysis (robust-CCA) and low-rank representation canonical correlation analysis (LRR-CCA). By introducing two regular matrices, the training sample numbers of the two training datasets can be set as any values without any limitation in the two proposed methods. Specifically, robust-CCA uses low-rank learning to remove the noise in the data and extracts the maximization correlation features from the two learned clean data matrices. The nuclear norm and L1 -norm are used as constraints for the learned clean matrices and noise matrices, respectively. LRR-CCA introduces low-rank representation into CCA to ensure that the correlative features can be obtained in low-rank representation. To verify the performance of the proposed methods, five publicly image databases are used to conduct extensive experiments. The experimental results demonstrate the proposed methods outperform state-of-the-art CCA-based and low-rank learning methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7048-7062
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Low-rank learning
  • canonical correlation analysis
  • image representation
  • robustness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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