Breast Cancer Screening Should Embrace Precision Medicine: Evidence by Reviewing Economic Evaluations in China

Jingjing Jiang, Shan Jiang, Antonio Ahumada-Canale, Zhuo Chen, Lei Si, Yawen Jiang, Li Yang, Yuanyuan Gu

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The cost-effectiveness of conventional population-based breast cancer screening strategies (e.g. mammography) has been found controversial, while evidence shows that genetic testing for early detection of pathogenic variants is cost-effective. We aimed to review the economic evaluations of breast cancer screening in China to provide an information summary for future research on this topic. We searched the literature to identify the economic evaluations that examined breast cancer screening and testing in China, supplemented by hand-searching the reference lists of the included studies. We finally included five studies satisfying our inclusion criteria. Four articles examined mammography while the rest investigated multigene testing. The existing breast cancer screening programmes were found to be cost-effective among urban Chinese women, but one study concluded that they might cause harm to women in rural areas. Contextual factors, such as data absence, urban–rural disparity, willingness-to-pay threshold, and model design, imposed barriers to cost-effectiveness analysis. Multigene testing was found to be cost-effective and has a promising population impact among all women with breast cancer in China. Future research should investigate the cost-effectiveness of screening and identifying breast cancer through precision medicine technologies, including genetic testing, genome sequencing, cascade testing, and the return of secondary findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1417
Number of pages25
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Breast cancer
  • China
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Economic evaluation
  • Precision medicine
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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