Active microvibration control of tool platforms installed on the floors subjected to moving vehicles in industrial factories

Chien-Liang Lee, Yung-Tsang Chen, Ray Kai Leung Su, Yen-Po Wang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


The vibration responses of tall flexible tool (or equipment) platforms subjected to floor excitations at the platform base are considered more crucial than those of the short ones. This study examined the microvibration control performance of the proposed active piezoelectric mass damper (APMD) or driver for tall platforms subjected to internal automated guided vehicle- (AGV-) induced floor vibrations with larger intensity and broader bandwidth in liquid-crystal-display (LCD) fabrication factories (fabs). The APMD did not require auxiliary spring and damping elements to tune the natural frequency and reduce the stroke of the mass block as required by typical active tuned mass dampers (ATMDs). The motion equation of the proposed analytical model including a continuous three-span beam (or floor) system and an active-controlled tool platform under the action of the AGV moving forces was derived. The APMD, consisting of piezoelectric stacks and a mass block, was installed on the platform subjected to the base rotation excitation, which could be attributed to the uneven vertical floor vibrations induced by AGVs. Moreover, the direct output feedback control algorithm was adopted to determine the optimal feedback gain matrix for calculating the active control force. Time history analyses of the continuous beam-platform model under different AGV weights moving at the same speed were performed, and the corresponding velocity vibration spectra of the floor and platform were further obtained through one-third octave band spectrum analysis. Numerical simulation results revealed that the microvibrations of the platform without APMD generally exceed the VC-A level regardless of the AGV weight. Significant reductions of over 90% on the platform microvibrations could be achieved after the platform was implemented with the APMD, and vibrations met the desired vibration limit (VC-B). Moreover, the APMD exhibits comparable microvibration control performance to the ATMD and requires less mass of the mass block, stroke, and applied voltage under the same active control force. In real-life high-tech production fabs, AGV-induced platform microvibrations occur all the time; therefore, the proposed APMD with less power consumption could be an economical and feasible approach for persistent microvibration control of tall platforms in LCD fabs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2077180
JournalStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes


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