A short-term wind speed forecasting model based on a multi-variable long short-term memory network

Anqi Xie, Hao Yang, Jing Chen, Li Sheng, Qian Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Accurately forecasting wind speed on a short-term scale has become essential in the field of wind power energy. In this paper, a multi-variable long short-term memory network model (MV-LSTM) based on Pearson correlation coefficient feature selection is proposed to predict the short-term wind speed. The proposed method utilizes multiple historical meteorological variables, such as wind speed, temperature, humidity, and air pressure, to predict the wind speed in the next hour. Hourly data collected from two ground observation stations in Yanqing and Zhaitang in Beijing were divided into training and test sets. The training sets were used to train the model, and the test sets were used to evaluate the model with the root-mean-square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), mean bias error (MBE), and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) metrics. The proposed method is compared with two other forecasting methods (the autoregressive moving average model (ARMA) method and the single-variable long short-term memory network (LSTM) method, which inputs only historical wind speed data) based on the same dataset. The experimental results prove the feasibility of the MV-LSTM method for short-term wind speed forecasting and its superiority to the ARMA method and the single-variable LSTM method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number651
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • LSTM
  • Multi-variable
  • Neural networks
  • Wind speed prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)


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