A self powered angle measurement sensor based on triboelectric nanogenerator

Ying Wu, Qingshen Jing, Jun Chen, Peng Bai, Junjie Bai, Guang Zhu, Yuanjie Su, Zhong Lin Wang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


A self powered, sliding electrification based quasi static triboelectric sensor (QS TES) for detecting angle from rotating motion is reported. This innovative, cost effective, simply designed QS TES has a two dimensional planar structure, which consists of a rotator coated with four channel coded Cu foil material and a stator with a fluorinated ethylenepropylene film. On the basis of coupling effect between triboelectrification and electrostatic induction, the sensor generates electric output signals in response to mechanical rotating motion of an object mounted with the sensor. The sensor can read and remember the absolute angular position, angular velocity, and acceleration regardless being continuously monitored or segmented monitored. Under the rotation speed of 100 r min1, the output voltage of the sensor reaches as high as 60 V. Given a relatively low threshold voltage of ±0.5 V for data processing, the robustness of the device is guaranteed. The resolution of the sensor is 22.5° and can be further improved by increasing the number of channels. Triggered by the output voltage signal, the rotating characteristics of the steering wheel can be real time monitored and mapped by being mounted to QS TES. This work not only demonstrates a new principle in the field of angular measurement but also greatly expands the applicability of triboelectric nanogenerator as self powered sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2166-2174
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • nanogenerators
  • self powered angular sensors
  • triboelectric effection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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