Organizations today face a great challenge from the unpredictable, globalized and competitive business environment. One of the ways that organizations maintain competitiveness is by integrating their supply chains through the adoption of open standard interorganizational systems (OSIOS). Despite the benefits that have been promised in the case of OSIOS adoption, its adoption has recently slowed down and there are increased cases of failure in OSIOS adoption initiatives. This study examines various factors relating to the role of interorganizational relationships in the adoption of OSIOS among Chinese manufacturers.
Based on a comprehensive literature review on OSIOS adoption and various key previous studies (e.g., Chatterjee et al., 2002; Chong & Zhou, 2014; Im & Rai, 2014; Barrick et al., 2015; Kim & Choi, 2015; Liu et al., 2016; Zhang et al., 2016), an integrated research model is proposed. The model features collaborative structures (Information sharing, integration, trust) as determinants of the extent of coordination mechanisms use and tie strength between interorganizational partners, which in turn, determine the extent of OSIOS adoption. The extent of OSIOS adoption, along with the extent of coordination mechanisms use and tie strength, and their impacts on operational performance and supply chain ambidexterity are determined. The model also incorporates strategic implementation as a moderating factor.
Using a quantitative web survey approach, the study examines these twelve constructs using data collected in 2018 from 304 manufacturing companies in four Chinese cities, including Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Shenzhen. After confirming the reliability and validity of the data, various analytical approaches are compared and considered before the justified application of partial least square sequential equation modelling (PLS-SEM) to examine the proposed effects.
The results of the analyses confirm the proposed effects of the proposed collaborative structures on the extent of coordination mechanisms use and tie strength, and in turn, their subsequent effects on the extent of OSIOS adoption. The analyses further reveals that supply chain ambidexterity is improved by the extent of coordination mechanisms use, tie strength, and the extent of OSIOS adoption, while operational performance is improved by tie strength and the extent of OSIOS adoption. Concerning the moderating effect, strategic implementation, is found to significantly moderate some relationships. Various significant contributions for theory and practice are identified and discussed.
|Date of Award||20 Nov 2019|
- Univerisity of Nottingham
|Supervisor||Alain Chong (Supervisor) & Kim Hua Tan (Supervisor)|
- interorganizational systems
- supply chain integration
- supply chain ambidexterity
- strategic implementation