WTO and Regionalism: Opportunities and Challenges for Malaysian Industries

Tham Siew Yean, Loke Wai Heng

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The conclusion of the Uruguay Round (UR) in 1994 and the subsequent establishment of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in January 995 signaled a new era in terms of global trade. At the same time the prolonged years of negotiations of the UR also witnessed an increase in the expansion and extension of various regional arrangements. Consequently, the global environment has shifted toward institution-driven globalisation and regionalism concurrently. The new international horizon promises significant opportunities and challenges for Malaysian industries. The objective of this paper is to assess the ability of Malaysian manufacturing to face these opportunities and challenges by evaluating their competitiveness. The findings of this study reveal only three sub-sectors that are competitive even before the advent of the financial crisis. Further, the crisis has worsened the competitive position of the manufacturing sector. Hence, it is imperative that current government policies work toward restoring macro-economic and political stability. At the same time, the medium- and long-term needs of this sector call for a shift in industrial policy from mere export promotion to technology and human resource promotion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-53
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Economics and Econometrics


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