To solve the problem of the mismatched voltage levels between the dynamic lower voltage of the fuel cell stack and the required constant higher voltage (400 V) of the dc-link bus of the inverter for fuel cell vehicles, a boost three-level DC-DC converter with a diode rectification quasi-Z source (BTL-DRqZ) is presented in this paper, based on the conventional flying-capacitor boost three-level DC-DC converter. The operating principle of a wide range voltage-gain for this topology is discussed according to the effective switching states of the converter and the multiloop energy communication characteristic of the DRqZ source. The relationship between the quasi-Z source net capacitor voltages, the modulation index, and the output voltage is deduced and then the static and dynamic self-balance principle of the flying-capacitor voltage is presented. Furthermore, a boost three-level DC-DC converter with a synchronous rectification quasi-Z source (BTL-SRqZ) is additionally proposed to improve the conversion efficiency. Finally, a scale-down 1.2 kW BTL-SRqZ prototype has been created, and the maximum efficiency is improved up to 95.66% by using synchronous rectification. The experimental results validate the feasibility of the proposed topology and the correctness of its operating principles. It is suitable for the fuel cell vehicles.
- Boost three-level DC-DC converter
- Quasi-Z source
- fuel cell vehicles
- synchronous rectification
- wide range of voltage-gain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering