double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) have attributes that feature high power density, quick charge/discharge time, long life cycle, and environmental friendliness. These attributes accord for increased appeal in employing the EDLCs as energy-storage devices in renewable energy systems, industrial applications, and hybrid electric vehicles as compared to other mature static energy-storage devices. This paper describes the construction of a 320-V, 12-F EDLC energy-storage bank connected to a bidirectional isolated dc--dc converter. Two types of EDLC bank configurations are considered with emphasis on their voltage-balancing circuits. Subsequently, this paper proposes a voltage-balancing circuit based on a center-tapped transformer, and includes its experimental verifications. It also discusses the charge--discharge and self-starting operation of the EDLC energy-storage system. During the charge--discharge operation, a low ripple current flowing in the EDLC bank is observed, leading to a theoretical analysis. The EDLC bank is also successfully charged to its rated voltage without any external dc charging circuit.
- Bidirectional isolated dc-dc converter
- Electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC)
- Voltage balancing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering