Velocity discretization for lattice Boltzmann method for noncontinuum bounded gas flows at the micro- and nanoscale

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Abstract

The lattice Boltzmann (LB) method intrinsically links to the Boltzmann equation with the Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook collision operator; however, it has been questioned to be able to simulate noncontinuum bounded gas flows at the micro- and nanoscale, where gas moves at a low speed but has a large Knudsen number. In this article, this point has been verified by simulating Couette flows at large Knudsen numbers (e.g., Kn=10 and Kn=100) through use of the linearized LB models based on the popular half-range Gauss–Hermite quadrature. The underlying cause for the poor accuracy of these conventional models is analyzed in the light of the numerical evaluation of the involved Abramowitz functions. A different thought on velocity discretization is then proposed using the Gauss–Legendre (GL) quadrature. Strikingly, the resulting GL-based LB models have achieved high accuracy in simulating Couette flows, Poiseuille flows, and lid-driven cavity flows in the strong transition and even free molecular flow regimes. The numerical study in this article reveals an essentially distinct but workable way in constructing the LB models for simulating micro- and nanoscale low-speed gas flows with strong noncontinuum effects
Original languageEnglish
Article number082013
Number of pages18
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished Online - 10 Aug 2022

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