Utility-scale photovoltaic generators: A review on trends, grid code requirements and challenges

Nadia M.L. Tan, Agileswari K. Ramasamy, Vigna K. Ramachandaramurthy, Marayati Marsadek, Mohd R. Othman, Ibrahim Ariffin

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides an overview of the global trends in utility-scale photovoltaic (PV) installed capacity. This paper also presents a comparison of grid-connection requirements of six countries in the continents of Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia for utility-scale PV generators in normal and abnormal grid conditions. Many country-based grid codes and international standards (IEEE 1547) for interconnection of inverter-based renewable energy generators are demanding stricter grid-connection compliance from utility-scale PV generators to ensure power system safety and reliability as its penetration level increases. This paper then discusses the economic and technical impacts, and explores the preparedness of PV generation systems in meeting the grid code requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-585
Number of pages13
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Dynamic voltage support
  • Fault-ride-through
  • Grid code
  • Grid connection requirements
  • Large-scale solar
  • Low-voltage ride-through

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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