Unsupervised fabric defect detection with high-frequency feature mapping

Da Wan, Can Gao, Jie Zhou, Xinrui Shen, Linlin Shen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Fabric defect detection is an important and necessary step in textile mills, and many deep learning-based methods have been proposed to perform defect detection and segmentation for fabric images. However, they still suffer from the lack of labor-intensive and high- cost labeled fabric images and the difficulty in finding discriminative feature representations of fabric defects. To address the problem, a novel unsupervised High-Frequency Feature Mapping Model (HFFMM) is proposed for fabric defect detection. First, aiming to capture the rich high-frequency information in defective images, a multi-scale high-frequency information extraction module is designed for the generation of high-frequency fabric images. Subsequently, to notice the differences between the original and high-frequency features, a query-key attention module is proposed to obtain the fused mapping matrix to improve the mapping capability. Finally, the two features transformed by the mapping matrix are compared to detect defects. Extensive experiments conducted on four public fabric datasets show that our method outperforms other state-of-the-art methods, especially for fabric images with regular textures, and achieves an average AUC improvement of 5.3% in detection and 2.9% in segmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21615-21632
Number of pages18
JournalMultimedia Tools and Applications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Attention mechanism
  • Deep learning
  • Fabric defect detection
  • Feature mapping
  • High-frequency extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Media Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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