Traveling column for comparison of invasive and non-invasive fluidization voidage measurement techniques

K. Dubrawski, S. Tebianian, H. T. Bi, J. Chaouki, N. Ellis, R. Gerspacher, R. Jafari, A. Kantzas, C. Lim, G. S. Patience, T. Pugsley, M. Z. Qi, J. X. Zhu, J. R. Grace

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


This paper compares invasive and non-invasive voidage measurement techniques from five different Canadian laboratories for the determination of local voidage profiles in gas-fluidized beds of 104 μm Fluid Cracking Catalyst (FCC) and 332 μm silica sand in a column of 133. mm i.d. A novel modular system and auxiliary components were designed and constructed to facilitate transportation to, and deployment at, different research centers. Profiles of time-averaged voidage were determined by optical fiber probes, dynamic pressure measurements, electrical capacitance tomography, X-ray computed tomography and radioactive particle tracking by researchers from different research groups. These results are compared with average measurements from pressure gradients and overall bed expansion. Results were kept separate from each other in a double-blind method. There is general, but imperfect, agreement among the different methods for average voidage for both the FCC and silica sand. Invasive probes gave similar results and scatter to non-invasive techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-220
Number of pages18
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrical capacitance tomography
  • Fluidized beds
  • Hydrodynamic database
  • Optical fiber probes
  • Radioactive particle tracking
  • X-ray computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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