Towards a theory of supply chain management: The constructs and measurements

Injazz J. Chen, Antony Paulraj

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1600 Citations (Scopus)


Rising international cooperation, vertical disintegration, along with a focus on core activities have led to the notion that firms are links in a networked supply chain. This novel perspective has created the challenge of designing and managing a network of interdependent relationships developed and fostered through strategic collaboration. Although research interests in supply chain management (SCM) are growing, no research has been directed towards a systematic development of SCM instruments. This study identifies and consolidates various supply chain initiatives and factors to develop key SCM constructs conducive to advancing the field. To this end, we analyzed over 400 articles and synthesized the large, fragmented body of work dispersed across many disciplines. The result of this study, through successive stages of measurement analysis and refinement, is a set of reliable, valid, and unidimensional measurements that can be subsequently used in different contexts to refine or extend conceptualization and measurements or to test various theoretical models, paving the way for theory building in SCM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-150
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Operations Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Constructs
  • Instrument development
  • Supply chain management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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