The synthesis of carbon-based quantum dots: A supercritical fluid approach and perspective

Y. X. Pang, X. Li, X. Zhang, J. X. Yeoh, C. Wong, S. Manickam, Y. Yan, T. Wu, C. H. Pang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon-based quantum dots (QDs) have attracted significant attention since their discovery. Supercritical fluids (SCFs) with unique gas- and liquid-like properties offer an alternative to existing technologies in realising the commercialisation and production of high-quality QDs. A comprehensive review featuring recent works on the synthesis of carbon-based QDs facilitated by SCFs technologies, with emphasis on SCF-assisted exfoliation and continuous hydrothermal fluid synthesis processes has been conducted. The mechanisms and properties of carbon-based QDs are described to understand the influence of precursors types and synthesis routes on the characteristics of the as-produced QDs. A summary of both the synthesis methods and types of carbon-based QDs produced are included. Recent applications of carbon-based QDs in biomedical and pharmaceutical, electronics and energy storage, as well as materials engineering are also summarized to provide insights into the future potential of carbon-based QDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100752
JournalMaterials Today Physics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Carbon-based quantum dots
  • Characterisation
  • Exfoliation
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Nanomaterials
  • Supercritical fluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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