The potential of sky fruit as an anti-aging and wound healing cosmeceutical agent

Camille Keisha Mahendra, Loh Teng Hern Tan, Cayvern Kishen Mahendra, Hooi Leng Ser, Priyia Pusparajah, Thet Thet Htar, Lay Hong Chuah, Wei Hsum Yap, Siah Ying Tang, Long Chiau Ming, Yoon Yen Yow, Bey Hing Goh

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


There are many extrinsic factors that can contribute to the premature aging of the skin. In recent years, the demand for natural cosmetic from the general population has noticeable grow. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate the bioproperties of sky fruit (Swietenia macrophylla) seed extract that could help to inhibit premature skin aging. Firstly, the extract and its fractions were tested on HaCaT cells for their wound healing properties. The presence of sky fruit’s extract and its fractions on scratch wound significantly improved cellular proliferation, migration, and closure of the wound. These effects were distinctly observed following the treatment with S. macrophylla hexane fraction (SMHF) and S. macrophylla water fraction (SMWF). Our continuous research study revealed that SMWF had antioxidant properties, which might be one of the factors contributing to its emerging wound healing properties because antioxidants are known to act as suppressors of the inflammatory pathway and aid the transition towards cell proliferation. In addition, all samples had critical wavelengths that indicated that they were able to absorb the whole UVB range and some parts of the UVA wavelength. This suggested that S. macrophylla might contain potential photoprotective bioactive compounds, which could be developed into anti-UVB photoprotective sunscreens. Thus, this warrants further studies focusing on isolation and identifications of the bioactive compounds responsible for both its photoprotective and wound healing properties. A deeper study on mechanisms of the pathways that were affected by these compounds should be conducted as well to better understand this natural product and develop it into a potential cosmeceutical ingredient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number79
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-pigmentation
  • Cosmeceutical
  • Cosmetics
  • Natural product
  • Photoprotection
  • Swietenia Macrophylla
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Ageing
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Dermatology


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