The neoliberal city as utopia of exclusion

Mark Bailey

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper critically examines the modern city as an expression of a neoliberal ‘utopia of exclusion’. Beginning by outlining the utopian, exclusionary dimensions of contemporary neoliberalism, it moves on to argue that the modern city embodies the utopia of exclusion as an ‘Evil Paradise’. However, the paper contends even at its most celebratory the ‘Evil Paradise’ evokes the dark side of the Utopia of exclusion: the increasingly absolute separation between the lives of the haves and the have-nots. The paper concludes by asking what potential alternatives exist in contemporary urban practices and asks if the utopia of exclusion itself paradoxically presents opportunities to construct alternative, inclusive forms of community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020


  • neoliberalism
  • Political theory
  • urban Inequality
  • urban movements
  • utopianism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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