The Monitored Watchdogs: Journalists’ Surveillance and its Repercussions for their Professional and Personal Lives in Pakistan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Journalists, across the world, are ever more at risk of surveillance from state and non-state antagonists. However, to work safely in a monitored environment is a substantial challenge for journalists. In such regimes, journalists and media organizations are often prone to attacks by the state authorities. Surveillance, no matter real or implied, the presence of state panopticon power is felt strongly by the journalists, especially in competitive authoritarian countries like Pakistan. While international organizations monitoring media freedom and journalists’ protection do regularly highlight the increasing surveillance of Pakistani journalists, it is imperative to investigate the way they experience it in their real lives and its implications for them. Thus, informed by the theoretical approaches of panopticism, post-panopticism and competitive authoritarianism, this study aims to address the journalists’ lived experiences of surveillance and its impacts on their professional and personal lives in Pakistan. To accomplish these aims, this study uses the qualitative methods of document review and in-depth interviews, and offers a thematic analysis of the gathered data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-895
Number of pages18
JournalJournalism Studies
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • competitive authoritarianism‌
  • digital surveillance
  • Journalists’ work
  • Pakistani news media
  • panopticism
  • physical surveillance
  • post-panopticism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

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