The influence of CEO values and leadership on middle manager exchange behaviors: A longitudinal multilevel examination

Robert Liden, Pingping Fu, Jun Liu, Lynda Song

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which chief executive officer (CEO) transactional and transformational leader behaviors as well as CEO self-enhancing versus self-transcendent values permeate through the organization to influence middle-level managers. Design/methodology/approach – Using a multi-level longitudinal design, the authors collected self-reported value data from 32 CEOs and 119 top management team (TMT) members rated their CEOs on transactional and transformational leader behaviors at Time 1; 18 months later, TMTs rated the in-role behaviors and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) of 331 mid-level managers. Also, at Time 2, mid-level managers evaluated their relationship with the organization in terms of economic and social exchange. HLM was used to analyze the data. Findings – The authors found the positive relationship between transactional CEO leader behaviors and mid-level manager in-role behaviors to be enhanced when CEOs hold self-transcendent values, whereas this relationship was weakened by CEO self-enhancing values. Similarly, the relationship between CEO transformational leader behaviors and mid-level manager OCBs was found to be strengthened when leaders espoused self-transcendent values. Finally, the authors found that economic exchange mediated the relationship between the transactional leadership * self-enhancing values interaction term and mid-level manager in-role behaviors. Similarly, social exchange mediated the relationship between the transformational leadership * self-transcendent values interaction term and mid-level manager OCBs. Originality/value – Leadership/OB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-20
Number of pages19
JournalNankai Business Review International
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Employment relationship
  • OCB
  • Social exchange
  • Transformational leadership
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management

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