The purpose of this study was to investigate surface EEG of two groups (lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients and healthy controls (HC)) when they performed real smooth movements (left/right lateral bending) with the maximum voluntary movement without pain. Thirty female LDH patients and thirty healthy controls volunteered to participate in the experiment. We also tested a healthy participant's motion imaginery (MI) of left/right lateral bending movement for over 200 times. We used Daubechies 4 (db4) wavelet to decompose EEG signal and we extracted δ, θ, α and β rhythms of the EEG signal. Wavelet entropy and sample entropy (SampEn) of four frequency bands were calculated. The results showed that there was significant difference of wavelet entropy EEG in T7, O2, and AF4 channels between the LDH and the healthy group when they did real left lateral bending. The topographic map also showed that SampEn value of four rhythms of the MI right lateral bending were significantly less than the values of the MI left lateral motion in healthy participant. Classification and Regression Trees (CART), Logistic regression (LR), Support Vector Machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), and the Linear discrimination analysis (LDA) classifiers showed averaged accuracies more than 96% for MI of left/right lateral bending.