The continuation and recommendation intention of artificial intelligence-based voice assistant systems (AIVAS): the influence of personal traits

Kyung Young Lee, Lorn Sheehan, Kiljae Lee, Younghoon Chang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Based on the post-acceptance model of information system continuance (PAMISC), this study investigates the influence of the early-stage users' personal traits (specifically personal innovativeness and technology anxiety) and ex-post instrumentality perceptions (specifically price value, hedonic motivation, compatibility and perceived security) on social diffusion of smart technologies measured by the intention to recommend artificial intelligence-based voice assistant systems (AIVAS) to others. Design/methodology/approach: Survey data from 400 US AIVAS users were collected and analyzed with Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 18.0 and the partial least square technique using advanced analysis of composites (ADANCO) 2.1. Findings: AIVAS technology is presently at the early stage of market penetration (about 25% of market penetration in the USA). A survey of AIVAS technology users reveals that personal innovativeness is directly and indirectly (through confirmation and continuance) associated with a stronger intention to recommend the use of the device to others. Confirmation is associated with all four ex-post instrumentality perceptions (hedonic motivation, compatibility, price value and perceived security). Among the four, however, only hedonic motivation and compatibility are significant predictors of satisfaction, which lead to use continuance and, eventually, intention to recommend. Finally, technology anxiety is found to be indirectly (but not directly) associated with a lower intention to recommend. Originality/value: This is the first study conducted on the early-stage AIVAS users that evaluates the influence of both personal traits and ex-post instrumentality perceptions on users' intention for continuance and recommendation to others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1899-1939
Number of pages41
JournalInternet Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • AI-based voice assistant systems
  • Innovativeness
  • Post-acceptance model of IS continuance (PAMISC)
  • Smart speakers
  • Technology anxiety
  • Use continuance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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