Tetrapropylammonium Hydroxide Treatment of Aged Dry Gel to Make Hierarchical TS-1 Zeolites for Catalysis

Zhenyuan Yang, Yanan Guan, Lei Xu, Yangtao Zhou, Xiaolei Fan, Yilai Jiao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This work presents the development and systematic study of a method to prepare hierarchical titanium silicalite-1 (TS-1) zeolites with high tetra-coordinated framework Ti species content. The new method involves (i) the synthesis of the aged dry gel by treating the zeolite precursor at 90 °C for 24 h; and (ii) the synthesis of hierarchical TS-1 by treating the aged dry gel using tetrapropylammonium hydroxide (TPAOH) solution under hydrothermal conditions. Systematic studies were conducted to understand the effect of the synthesis conditions (including the TPAOH concentration, liquid-to-solid ratio, and treatment time) on the physiochemical properties of the resulting TS-1 zeolites, and the results showed that the condition of a TPAOH concentration of 0.1 M, liquid-to-solid ratio of 1.0, and treatment time of 9 h was ideal to enable the synthesis of hierarchical TS-1 with a Si/Ti ratio of 44. Importantly, the aged dry gel was beneficial to the quick crystallization of zeolite and assembly of nanosized TS-1 crystals with a hierarchical structure (Sext = 315 m2 g-1 and Vmeso = 0.70 cm3 g-1, respectively) and high framework Ti Species content, making the accessible active sites ready for promoting oxidation catalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1775-1785
Number of pages11
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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