Team creativity/innovation in culturally diverse teams: A meta-analysis

Jie Wang, Grand H.L. Cheng, Tingting Chen, Kwok Leung

    Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This meta-analysis investigates the direction and strength of the relationship between diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation. We distinguish the effects of two diversity levels (i.e., surface level vs. deep level) in culturally diverse teams and examine the moderators suggested by the socio-technical systems framework (i.e., team virtuality and task characteristics in terms of task interdependence, complexity, and intellectiveness). Surface-level diversity in culturally diverse teams is not related to team creativity/innovation, whereas deep-level diversity in culturally diverse teams is positively related to team creativity/innovation. Moreover, surface-level diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation are negatively related for simple tasks but unrelated for complex tasks. Deep-level diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation is positively related for collocated teams and interdependent tasks but unrelated for noncollocated teams and independent tasks. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)693-708
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
    Volume40
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

    Keywords

    • cultural diversity
    • meta-analysis
    • surface level versus deep level
    • team creativity
    • team innovation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Psychology (all)
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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