Synthesis of hydroxy sodalite from coal fly ash using waste industrial brine solution

Nicholas M. Musyoka, Leslie F. Petrik, Gillian Balfour, Wilson M. Gitari, Eric Hums

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of using industrial waste brine solution instead of ultra pure water was investigated during the synthesis of zeolites using three South African coal fly ashes as Si feedstock. The high halide brine was obtained from the retentate effluent of a reverse osmosis mine water treatment plant. Synthesis conditions applied were; ageing of fly ash was at 47°C for 48 hours, and while the hydrothermal treatment temperature was set at 140°C for 48 hours. The use of brine as a solvent resulted in the formation of hydroxy sodalite zeolite although unconverted mullite and hematite from the fly ash feedstock was also found in the synthesis product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1699-1707
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Ageing process
  • Brine solution
  • Coal fly ash
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Hydroxy sodalite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis of hydroxy sodalite from coal fly ash using waste industrial brine solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this