Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Potential of Poly(o-anisidine)/BaSO4 Nanocomposites with Enhanced Electrical Conductivity

Mirza Nadeem Ahmad, Sohail Nadeem, Raya Soltane, Mohsin Javed, Shahid Iqbal, Zunaira Kanwal, Muhammad Fayyaz Farid, Sameh Rabea, Eslam B. Elkaeed, Samar O. Aljazzar, Hamad Alrbyawi, Walid F. Elkhatib

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The poly(o-anisidine)/BaSO4 nanocomposites were prepared by oxidative polymerization of o-anisidine monomer with BaSO4 filler for the potential antibacterial properties of the composite materials. To achieve the optimal and tunable properties of the nanocomposites, the ratio of BaSO4 filler was changed at the rates of 1%, 3%, 5%, 7%, and 10% with respect to matrix. Different analytical techniques, i.e., FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopy, were employed for functional identification and optical absorption of the poly(o-anisidine)/BaSO4 nanocomposites. The FTIR data revealed the significant interaction between POA and BaSO4, as well as the good absorption behavior of the UV-visible spectra. The conducting properties were controllable by varying the load percentage of the BaSO4 filler. Furthermore, different bacterial strains, i.e., Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive), were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the POA/BaSO4 nanocomposites. The largest zones of inhibition 0.8 and 0.9 mm were reached using 7% and 10% for Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1878
JournalProcesses
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibacterial
  • BaSO
  • electrical conductivity
  • nanocomposites
  • polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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