Synergistic Effect of Nanoclay and Barium Sulfate Fillers on the Corrosion Resistance of Polyester Powder Coatings

Jinbao Huang, Marshall Shuai Yang, Chengqian Xian, James Joseph Noël, Yolanda Susanne Hedberg, Jian Chen, Ubong Eduok, Ivan Barker, Jeffrey Daniel Henderson, Haiping Zhang, Liqin Wang, Hui Zhang, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Nanoclay has proven to be an active anti-corrosive additive due to the self-repairing effect from nanoclay swelling and expansion, except for its passive barrier effect due to the high aspect ratio. But it is still uncertain how these effects of nanoclay are intertwined with the other components in a complex coating system in corrosive environments. In this study, we examined the combined effects of nanoclays of two particle sizes with a commonly used cost-reducing filler, BaSO4. By employing neutral salt spray tests, electrochemical analysis, and surface characterization, we identified the optimal conditions for achieving a strong barrier effect. Surprisingly, a relatively low nanoclay dosage of 2% combined with BaSO4 filler exhibited synergistic behavior. Nanoclay not only compensated for the reduction in the barrier effect owing to the addition of BaSO4 by offering self-repairing and barrier effects, but also overcame the delamination issues observed at higher nanoclay dosages (4% and above). The coating panel with 2% larger nanoclay and BaSO4 showed two orders of magnitude higher pore resistance than the coating without nanoclay, remaining at 107 Ω∙cm2 after 25 days of immersion. As a result, this coating panel demonstrated significantly slower corrosion expansion and reached a lifetime of 2500 h when creepage exceeded 2 mm in salt spray tests. This study contributes to a full understanding and proper utilization of nanoclay for high-performance, smart anti-corrosive coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1680
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • BaSO
  • EIS
  • additive
  • anti-corrosive
  • barium sulphate
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • extender
  • montmorillonite
  • polyester/TGIC
  • powder paint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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