Simplified Route for Deposition of Binary and Ternary Bismuth Sulphide Thin Films for Solar Cell Applications

Tanzeela Fazal, Bushra Ismail, Mazloom Shah, Shahid Iqbal, Eslam B. Elkaeed, Nasser S. Awwad, Hala A. Ibrahium

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


For photovoltaic applications, undoped and Ni2+ doped Bi2 S3 thin films were chemically deposited onto glass substrates at room temperature. Elemental diffraction analysis confirmed the successful Ni2+ incorporation in the range of 1.0 to 2.0 at. %, while X-ray Diffraction analysis revealed that orthorhombic crystal lattice of Bi2 S3 was conserved while transferring from binary to ternary phase. Scanning electron microscopy images reported homogeneous and crack-free morphology of the obtained films. Optoelectronic analysis revealed that the bandgap value was shifted from 1.7 to 1.1 eV. Ni2+ incorporation also improved the carrier concentration, leading to higher electrical conductivity. Resultant optoelectronic behavior of ternary Bi2−x Nix S3 thin films suggests that doping is proved to be an effectual tool to optimize the photovoltaic response of Bi2 S3 for solar cell applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4603
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • chemical bath deposition
  • optoelectronic properties
  • photovoltaic behaviour
  • semiconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Simplified Route for Deposition of Binary and Ternary Bismuth Sulphide Thin Films for Solar Cell Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this