Silicon Nanospheres Supported on Conductive MXene Nanosheets as Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Hui Zhou, Junying Zhang, Jingzhuang Liu, Shuai Feng, Chuanbo Li, Enrico Marsili, Xiaoming Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Silicon (Si) anodes are expected to be employed in future for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), due to their high capacity. However, the main challenge is to assemble Si with conductive materials to increase the conductivity and stability of Si anodes. In this work, we optimized a method to prepare Si nanoparticles (NP)/MXene anode materials for LIBs via electrostatic assembly of positively charged Si nanospheres, coated with poly-diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, and negatively charged MXene nanosheets, which increase the number of active sites for strong Si NP attachment and minimize both restacking of MXene nanosheets and Si NP aggregation. The Si NP/MXene anodes have a capacity of 1917.9 mA h g-1 after 300 charge/discharge cycles at 0.5 A g-1. The electrochemical characterization of Si NP/MXene nanocomposite shows high energy storage, cycle stability, and rate performance. Optimization of Si/MXene composites can improve their performance as anode materials for high energy density LIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-169
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • MXene nanosheets
  • anode materials
  • electrostatic assembly
  • lithium-ion batteries
  • silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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