Significance of anisotropic thermal expansion in high speed electric machines employing ndfeb permanent magnets

Ram Kumar, Antonino La Rocca, Gaurang Vakil, David Gerada, Chris Gerada, Baylon G. Fernandes

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Many high speed applications employ a surface permanent magnet (PM) machine topology with a retaining sleeve due to its robustness and ability to achieve high overall peripheral speeds as well as efficiencies. One often overlooked feature in the mechanical design of such machines, which has not achieved sufficient attention to date is the anisotropic thermal expansion of rare earth magnets, the degree of which varies for different magnet technologies. This paper investigates the effects of the aforementioned on the mechanical design of a high speed PM spindle machine with NdFeB magnets. The maximum allowable interference is found to be limited by the working temperature of the magnets while the minimum required interference is increased due to their anisotropic thermal expansion. Based on this, appropriate conditions are formulated to integrate a Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) PM in high speed rotors. These modifications considering the shaft together with the magnet anisotropic thermal expansion are included in a proposed rotor design and validated using simulations in ANSYS mechanical environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7558
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Anisotropic thermal expansion
  • High speed
  • NdFeB permanent magnet
  • PMSM
  • Retaining sleeve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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