Secure Transmission for Heterogeneous Cellular Networks with Wireless Information and Power Transfer

Bin Li, Zesong Fei, Zheng Chu, Yan Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we investigate an artificial-noise-aided secure beamforming design for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer in a two-tier downlink heterogeneous cellular network, in which each energy receiver in a femtocell is seen as a potential eavesdropper to wiretap the confidential message intended for the information receiver. Our design objective is to maximize the secrecy rate at the information receiver, while satisfying the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio requirement of each macrouser and the energy harvesting and transmit power constraints. Both the scenarios of perfect and imperfect channel state information (CSI) are considered. With perfect CSI, the formulated optimization problem constitutes a difference of a convex function programming problem, which is hard to directly solve. To tackle this challenge, we transform it into a series of semidefinite programs by using successive convex approximation, and an iterative algorithm is proposed to arrive at a provably convergent solution. With imperfect CSI, we address robust secure beamforming relying on the worst-case design philosophy. To circumvent this predicament, we resort to the $\mathcal {S}$ -procedure to reformulate the robust quadratic matrix inequality (QMI) constraints and then obtain the linear matrix inequality representations for these QMIs. Numerical results are finally presented to demonstrate the performance of our proposed schemes in improving the secrecy rate of heterogeneous cellular networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7956165
Pages (from-to)3755-3766
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Beamforming
  • heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs)
  • quadratic matrix inequality (QMI)
  • secrecy
  • simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT)
  • successive convex approximation (SCA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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