Review of catalytic pyrolysis of biomass for bio-oil

Kaiqi Shi, Shuangxi Shao, Qiang Huang, Xuwen Liang, Jiang Lan, Li Ya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyrolysis utilizes biomass to produce a liquid product bio-oil which is widely used as a potential energy source and a low-cost feedstock for chemical production. Considerable efforts have been made to convert biomass to bio-oil since the oil crisis in mid-1970s. This review focuses on the recent developments in catalysts used in pyrlysis of biomass for bio-oil production. In this review, 5 types of catalysts such as metal oxide, molecular sieve, mineral, transition metal and others, have been given. Molecular sieves, such as HZSM-5, ZSM-5, MCM-41, SBA-15, HUSY, REY and their modified catalysts are most widely used in biomass catalytic pyrolysis process. The effects of catalysts on bio-oil yields, quality, composition, stability etc. are also discussed. Although catalysts in pyrolysis of biomass produce markedly influences on bio-oil products, the variety of catalyst types and properties make generalizations difficult to define, in regard to trying to critically analyze the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICMREE2011 - Proceedings 2011 International Conference on Materials for Renewable Energy and Environment
Pages317-321
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event2011 International Conference on Materials for Renewable Energy and Environment, ICMREE2011 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 20 May 201122 May 2011

Publication series

NameICMREE2011 - Proceedings 2011 International Conference on Materials for Renewable Energy and Environment
Volume1

Conference

Conference2011 International Conference on Materials for Renewable Energy and Environment, ICMREE2011
Country/TerritoryChina
CityShanghai
Period20/05/1122/05/11

Keywords

  • bio-oil
  • biomass
  • catalytic pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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