Review, Challenges, and Future Developments of Electric Taxiing Systems

Milos Lukic, Paolo Giangrande, Ahmed Hebala, Stefano Nuzzo, Michael Galea

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-increasing demand for passenger air traffic results in larger airline fleets every year. The aircraft market forecast reveals an unprecedented growth for the coming decades, leading to serious environmental and economic concerns among airlines and regulatory bodies. Different approaches, for both airborne and ground operations, have been proposed to reduce and control emissions without compromising profit margin. For on-ground activities, the electric taxiing (ET) methodology is one of the suggested solutions for reducing the emissions and the acoustic noise in the airport, and for lowering the fuel consumption and operating costs. This article, thus, aims to review and collate the more important literature related to ET systems, in order to draw an inclusive picture regarding the current state-of-the-art of a moving and growing sector that just started its first steps toward an ambitious target. After introducing the general concept of ET, elaborations on the benefits and challenges of available technologies are done with a detailed comparison of the different systems. Finally, recommendations for future research and outlook on ET are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8918079
Pages (from-to)1441-1457
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


  • Electric taxiing (ET)
  • emission reduction
  • fuel consumption
  • local energy storage system (LESS)
  • more electric aircraft (MEA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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