Reporting under fear and threats: The deadly cost of being a journalist in Pakistan and India

Sadia Jamil, Prabhjot Sohal

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The journalists’ right to perform their watchdog role and to do their routine jobs without fear of being killed, kidnapped, harassed, and attacked is a topic of utmost importance for freedom of the media and freedom of expression. However, in the past decade, journalists’ killings across the globe indicate that journalism is no more a safe profession. Noticeably, the Asia-Pacific region is the third worst violator of media freedom in the world. While the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety is not better in the Middle East and the North African regions, the Asia-Pacific region stands out because it is home to the two of the top ten worst countries for journalists’ killings over the past 25 years, namely: Pakistan and India. Therefore, drawing on the system theory, this study aims to investigate the journalists’ lived experiences of diverse safety risks in Pakistan and India. To accomplish this aim, this study uses the qualitative methods of document reviews and in-depth interviews. Besides, this study uses thematic analysis to analyse the gathered data. The analyses of journalists’ lived experiences of safety risks reveal a stark systemic failure to protect them and safeguard their right to freedom of expression in these two countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-33
Number of pages29
JournalWorld of Media
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Journalism practice
  • Journalists’ lived experiences
  • Safety risks
  • System theory
  • The indian journalists
  • The pakistani journalists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Reporting under fear and threats: The deadly cost of being a journalist in Pakistan and India'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this