Removal of hexavalent chromium ions using micellar modified adsorbent: isothermal and kinetic investigations

Sadaf Sarfraz, Safdar Ameer, Mohsin Javed, Shahid Iqbal, Samar O. Aljazzar, Manzar Zahra, Shahid Amin, Khizar Hussain Shah, Mohammed A.S. Abourehab, Eslam B. Elkaeed, Nasser S. Awwad, Hala A. Ibrahium

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Hexavalent chromium is a very poisonous oxyanion and has had a negative impact on human health. This study assessed the viability of removing chromium(vi) using micellar modified adsorbents. In this study, chromium(vi) was removed from locally accessible wheat bran using separate applications of anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactants. The initial chromium content (5-12 ppm), pH (2-12), adsorbent dose (1-6 g/100 mL), agitation time (15-240 min), agitation speed (50-300 rpm), and temperature (15-50 °C) were all varied in the adsorption investigation. Pseudo first-order and second-order kinetic models were utilized to analyze the kinetic investigation. To determine thermodynamic parameters, the van't Hoff relationship was used. The maximum result for chromium(vi) uptake was obtained as 87.7%, 83.5% and 98.9% for WB, SDS-mWB, and CTAB-mWB, respectively, at an agitation time of 240 min (i.e., 4 h), temperature (i.e., 25-30 °C), agitation speed (150 rpm). However, both WB and CTAB-mWB derives metal ion removal at lower pH levels (2-4), whereas SDS-mWB requires a pH between 4 and 6 for maximum percentage removal of Cr(vi). The equilibrium data of WB and SDS-mWB were modeled by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, while the data of CTAB-mWB fitted well in the Freundlich isotherm model. The kinetic analysis of WB, SDS-mWB, and CTAB-mWB revealed that the pseudo-second-order kinetic model provides a thorough explanation for each of these adsorbents. It was found that CTAB-mWB can preferably be used for the removal of chromium(vi) due to its high affinity with adsorbate molecules and adsorption capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23898-23911
Number of pages14
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)


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