Re–examining Bhagwati hypothesis: the case of some selected countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Muazu Ibrahim, Isaac Koomson, Olufemi Adewale Aluko, Eric Evans Osei Opoku

    Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    74 Downloads (Pure)


    Bhagwati hypothesis opines that the overall impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on economic growth is conditioned on countries’ level of integration with the international market. We test this hypothesis for some selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Does this hypothesis hold given our sample evidence? Yes! No! Maybe! We explain why. By invoking the sample splitting and threshold estimation technique, we find that the two measures of openness (trade openness and exports) mediate the FDI-economic growth relationship in three countries and this is an indication of complete Bhagwati hypothesis in these countries. Also, we find that, given the measure of openness, four countries exhibit incomplete Bhagwati hypothesis. Finally, we find no support for the Bhagwati hypothesis for most countries. Based on these findings, we argue that the validity of the Bhagwati hypothesis may be contingent on both country characteristics and the indicator of openness.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)334-345
    JournalTransnational Corporations Review
    Issue number3
    Early online date22 Jan 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2021


    • FDI
    • economic growth
    • exports
    • threshold
    • trade openness


    Dive into the research topics of 'Re–examining Bhagwati hypothesis: the case of some selected countries in Sub-Saharan Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this