Reduction of CO2 Emission from Crude Oil Refining Process using Aspen Hysys Energy Analyser towards Environmental Sustainability

Ishioma L. Egun, Binjie Hu, Collins U. Mordi, Ipeghan J. Otaraku

Research output: Journal PublicationConference articlepeer-review


Crude oil is a major source of energy across the globe due to its diverse product derivatives for various industries and applications. However, the high CO2 emissions and energy requirements associated with its refining process threaten the goal of achieving carbon neutrality. The Crude Distillation Unit (CDU) has been identified as a major unit for CO2 emissions. Therefore, it is important to investigate the composition of feedstock (blended crude oil samples) fed to the CDU as a possible alternative to reducing CO2 emissions associated with refining. This study uses Aspen Hysys V12 with Aspen Energy Analyser to analyze different blended feedstock from six (6) different Nigerian crude oil; Brent, Bonga, Erha, Qua-Iboe, Usan, and Yoho. The result showed that Blend 1 had the highest CO2 emission linked to the high conversion of paraffin and naphthene to yield the highest Naphtha yield of 27.12% compared to other blends. Blend 1 also had the highest CO2 emissions cost of $13.92 million/hr compared to $13.68 million/hr for Blend 7, with the lowest product yield. However, Blend 4 had the maximum heating energy requirement linked to its composition (mixtures of high medium and light crude) which require more reactions to maximize yield. The result revealed that individual crude's weight ratio in blended feedstock significantly increased Naphtha yield and affects CO2 emissions. Thus, blended feedstock composition will affect product yield, energy consumption, and CO2 emission due to the different compositions of individual crude. Therefore, to achieve the carbon neutrality goal, CO2 emission from individual crude oil needs to be investigated, develop a new model for optimum blending with fewer emissions and the CO2 emission cost should be added to blended feedstock price or individual crude cost to ensure a balance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventApplied Energy Symposium: Clean Energy towards Carbon Neutrality, CEN 2023 - Ningbo, China
Duration: 23 Apr 202325 Apr 2023


  • Aspen Hysys Energy Analyser
  • Carbon neutrality
  • CO emissions
  • Crude Refining
  • High Naphtha yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Reduction of CO2 Emission from Crude Oil Refining Process using Aspen Hysys Energy Analyser towards Environmental Sustainability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this