Rapid and sensitive detection of ammonia in water by a long period fiber grating sensor coated with sol-gel silica

Wenbo Gan, Yaowei Li, Ting Liu, Yitao Yang, Baoan Song, Shixun Dai, Tiefeng Xu, Yin Wang, Ting Jung Lin, Peiqing Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A sensitive ammonia sensor based on long-period fiber grating (LPFG) is designed and manufactured for the detection of ammonia concentration in water. Femtosecond laser direct writing technology is used to write LPFGs on standard single-mode silica fiber. A thin layer doped with basic dyes is coated on the optical fiber for sensing by using the sol-gel method. The thicknesses of sol-gel layers, which play a key role in the sensitivity of the LPFG sensor, were carefully studied. Experimental results show that LPFG with a functional layer of ∼340 nm has the best sensing performance, and the detection limit is 0.08 ppm. The response time of the sensor is less than one minute, and the sensor has good repeatability with a short recovery time. Compared with other organic molecules and ions in water, the proposed LPFG sensor has not only good reusability, but also selectivity for the detection of ammonia.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume30
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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