R and D Strategies for Disruptive Innovation

Chang Chieh Hang, Yi Ruan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingBook Chapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The theory of disruptive innovation, proposed by Christensen in a seminal paper (Bower and Christensen, 1995) and a subsequent book (Christensen, 1997), has attracted the attention of many scholars and appealed widely to practising managers and entrepreneurs. Disruptive innovation (DI) is defined as “a process by which a product or service takes root initially in simpler applications at the bottom of a market or in a new market, and then relentlessly moves ‘up market’, eventually displacing established competitors.” Christensen coined this term to differentiate this type of innovation from the well-known radical, breakthrough type of innovation based on an obviously superior technology (Kostoff, Boylan, and Simons, 2004) and the necessary incremental type of innovation to sustain current business growth by established incumbents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Companion to Innovation Management
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781351997072
ISBN (Print)9781138244719
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business,Management and Accounting


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